Table of Contents

2017 Month : March Volume : 3 Issue : 1 Page : 1-3

A STUDY OF DEPRESSION AMONG ASTHMATIC PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL.

Samyuktha G1, Kasthuri Pandiyan2

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Samyuktha G,
Department of Psychiatry,
KIMS Hospital,
Bangalore-560004.
E-mail: veda26@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Depression among asthmatics is associated with poor asthma control and quality of life. The prevalence of depression in asthmatics varies from 8% to 55% in various studies.(1,2) Depressive symptoms are associated with increased asthma severity, poorer outcome and greater risk for hospitalisation in patients with asthma. Thus, knowledge about prevalence and effect of depression in asthmatic illness may have important implications for identification and appropriate treatment of these patients.

The aim of this study is to study the prevalence of depressive disorders in asthmatic patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care health centre in Puducherry, India. Seventy patients of asthma diagnosed using spirometric criteria, aged 18 - 64 years of both sexes were studied. Patients were screened for depression using PHQ-9 and patients having positive scoring were evaluated in detail by the clinician and ICD-10 criteria was used to confirm the diagnosis of depression. This study is a part of larger study, where patients were followed up for 6 months.

RESULTS

In the sample of 70 asthma patients, 40 patients had depressive disorders (total prevalence - 57.1%; 15.7% - mild, 24.3% - moderate, 14.3% - moderately severe, 2.9% - severe depression).

CONCLUSION

There is a high prevalence of depression among patients suffering from asthma.

KEYWORDS

Depression, Asthma, Adults.

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