Table of Contents

2016 Month : December Volume : 2 Issue : 2 Page : 5-9

A PSYCHOPHILOSOPHICAL INTERFACE CONCERNING THE VOICE OF CONSCIENCE IN THE LIGHT OF KANT AND FREUD

Urmi Ray1, Suddhendu Chakraborty2

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Shankar K,
Department of Psychiatry,
Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute,
Bangalore.
E-mail: shankarkjs@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

We are different from other animals not only on grounds of rationality, but also because we possess an ‘inner voice’ (Viveka) enabling us to discriminate between good/bad, right/wrong. This voice is present in all; surprisingly whose form, matter and degree of determination are more or less the same in all. For Kant, this Voice of Conscience was perhaps the Categorical Imperative. For Sigmund Freud, the notion of ‘Super Ego’ or ‘Ego Ideal’ represented the Voice of Conscience. However, we notice a striking similarity between Kant’s Moral law or the Categorical Imperative and Freud’s super-ego for both seem to represent the Voice of Conscience, dictating us what we should or should not do. My aim in this paper is to first explore the nature and intensity of such a similarity. It would also try to draw the reader’s attention to the fact that ‘Morality’ is something that is present within us, it is our nature; thus to go against our nature and thereby act immorally would only lead to destruction and devastation in the society.

Keywords

Voice of Conscience, Super-Ego, Categorical Imperative.

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